A growing human population and growing poverty amounts
Kenya's population has tripled over the past 30 years, leading to raising pressure upon natural assets, a widening income space and growing poverty amounts that erode gains in education, health, food reliability, employment and incomes. What causes rural low income include: low agricultural productivity, exacerbated by land wreckage and inferior land tenure, unemployment and low wages, difficulty in accessing financing for self-employment, poor governance, poor roads, high costs of health insurance and education, HIV/AIDS. HIV/AIDS is quite prevalent among young and middle-aged Kenyans, the most efficient segment with the population. Nearly half of the persons in Kenya are below 15 years of age. An estimated seven-hundred Kenyans die daily of HIV/AIDS-related triggers. HIV/AIDS leaves orphans and woman-headed households even more prone to poverty. The burden of illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and water-borne disorders weighs heavily on the two country and Kenyan families, affecting income, food protection and creation potential. Life expectancy is right down to 46 years, from 59 years in 1989. Kenya's rural poor people include: little farmers, herders, farm laborers, unskilled and semi-skilled workers, households headed by ladies, people with problems and AIDS orphans. Women are particularly vulnerable because they just do not have similar access to sociable and economical assets. For approximately 70 percent of ladies, subsistence farming is the major -- and quite often the only -- source of sustenance.
The few studies in inequality in Kenya display that it is demonstrated in various forms including: salary, lack of equal access to effective assets, social and political exclusion, and inability of certain sets of the society to access key social companies. Distribution of high potential land in the country is extremely skewed, favoring Western, Rift Valley and Central zone.