Language is a method for conversing information, which includes ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
•Bees have a bit dance that tells additional bees in which a source of licor can be found •Music is a general language that often strikes the same emotion in all of the humans •Players in games will use their bids because communication •Body language
•Information can be disseminated only if the two sender and receiver determine what is going about •Vervet Monkeys-different alarm necessitates the different types of potential predators: this elicits a different response in the selection of monkeys as they respond to the threat from the predator •--Young vervet monkeys react approprietley to the different calls but their production lags behind all their understanding of this is of the telephone calls (similarly in humans understanding precedes production) Sometimes the young apes make a snake alert call when they see a keep ogeneralization
•semanticity- refers to the extent to which a form of communication can meaningfully represent ideas, events, and objects symbolically oThe honeybee has a low level of semanticit because it uses symbols to transmit meaningful messages, but it has a limited selection of symbols and only conveys distance and direction details oVervet apes show a moderate standard of semanticity mainly because their alarm calls are in reality basic semantic signals or symbolic signs because each alarm call seems to indicate something to them oA flower set up given to someone who understands the meaning of blossoms is a high level of semanticity because you can make use of roses for achievement, lilies for style, etc . •Having a large language makes it possible for more difficult and effective ideas, However we may need a word for almost everything. Instead language combines a small number of phrases and a few rules to convey many ideas-this is named generativity •We have this ability to communicate more complex and complelling ideas by using rules of grammar and semantics that completely change the meaning of your words in the event that not followed…vervet monkeys don't have any rules and so have much more limited connection •TO be looked at language, virtually any form of communication has to have shift, or the ability to convey emails that are not linked with the immediate time and place oHoney bee connection has this because they will discuss a diff. place-> where the flowers are located oVervet monkeys terribly lack this since they can just say " danger has arrived NOW” oMusic supports the lyrics while the words are conveying the more challenging message oASL meets the definition of shift
oChimpanzee sign vocabulary also satisfies the definition of displacement oBidding in card games do not satisfy the definition of shift and are nearer to codes than to vocabulary LANGUAGE Definition- socially agreed-upon, rule-governed system of arbitrary emblems that can be merged in different approaches to communicate ideas and emotions about the present some place and also other times and places, true or dreamed
Linguists study the " rules” of terminology, whereas psycholinguists study spoken behavior and cognition. Psycholnguistics: A subset of cognitive mindset devoted to study regarding the purchase, comprehension, and production of language.
Phonology-the rules that govern the sounds or perhaps phonemes of any language Phonemes- perceptually distinctive units of sound that serve to identify one phrase from one more Phonemic discrimination-in some languages R and L have one distributed phoneme Phonological rules govern how phonemes can be merged in a offered language. In English the sound combination NI doesn't occur in the beginning of words, but it truly does in Ductch. In The english language it happens in the middle or end Units of Meaning
•Phonemes are put together to form morphemes-the smallest significant units in a language •Knowledge about how morphemes can be used and combined is...