Art Background Periods

 Art Record Periods Composition

Art Periods/



Chief Artists and Main Works

Historic Events

Stone Age (30, 000 b. c. –2500 w. c. )

Cave portrait, fertility goddesses, megalithic set ups

Lascaux Give Painting, Female of Willendorf, Stonehenge

Glaciers Age ends (10, 500 b. c. –8, 1000 b. c. ); New Stone Age and first long term settlements (8000 b. c. –2500 n. c. ) Mesopotamian (3500 b. c. –539 n. c. )

Warrior art and frequentation in rock relief

Normal of Your, Gate of Ishtar, Stele of Hammurabi's Code

Sumerians invent producing (3400 w. c. ); Hammurabi writes his law code (1780 b. c. ); Abraham founds monotheism Egyptian (3100 b. c. –30 b. c. )

Art with an the grave focus: pyramids and burial place painting

Imhotep, Step Pyramid, Great Pyramids, Bust of Nefertiti

Narmer unites Upper/Lower Egypt (3100 b. c. ); Rameses II fights the Hittites (1274 m. c. ); Cleopatra drops dead (30 b. c. ) Greek and Hellenistic (850 b. c. –31 n. c. )

Greek idealism: balance, best proportions; system orders(Doric, Ionic, Corinthian) Parthenon, Myron, Phidias, Polykleitos, Praxiteles

Athens beats Persia at Marathon (490 b. c. ); Peloponnesian Wars (431 b. c. –404 m. c. ); Alexander the Great's conquests (336 w. c. –323 b. c. ) Roman (500 b. c. – a. m. 476)

Both roman realism: sensible and realisticsensible; the posture

Augustus of Primaporta, Colosseum, Trajan's Line, Pantheon Julius Caesar assassinated (44 b. c. ); Augustus announced Emperor (27 b. c. ); Diocletian splits Disposition (a. deb. 292); The italian capital falls (a. d. 476) Indian, Oriental, and Japanese(653 b. c. –a. m. 1900)

Serene, meditative art, and Artistry of the Suspended World

Gu Kaizhi, Li Cheng, Guo Xi, Hokusai, Hiroshige

Birthday of Buddha (563 b. c. ); Cotton Road starts (1st hundred years b. c. ); Yoga spreads to China (1st–2nd centuries a. d. ) and Japan (5th 100 years a. m. ) Subtil and Islamic (a. d. 476–a. d. 1453)

Beautiful Byzantine mosaics; Islamic structure and amazing maze-like design and style Hagia Sophia, Andrei Rublev, Mosque of Córdoba, the Alhambra Justinian partly restored Western Both roman Empire (a. d. 533–a. d. 562); Iconoclasm Controversy (a. d. 726–a. m. 843); Birth of Islam (a. d. 610) and Muslim Conquests (a. d. 632–a. d. 732) Middle Ages (500–1400)

Celtic artwork, Carolingian Renaissance, Romanesque, Medieval

St . Sernin, Durham Tall, Notre Dame, Chartres, Cimabue, Duccio, Giotto Viking Raids (793–1066); Challenge of Hastings (1066); Crusades I–IV (1095–1204); Black Fatality (1347–1351); 100 Years' Warfare (1337–1453) Early on and Large Renaissance (1400–1550)

Rebirth of classical lifestyle

Ghiberti's Gates, Brunelleschi, Donatello, Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael Gutenberg invents movable type (1447); Turks conquer Constantinople (1453); Columbus lands in New World (1492); Martin Luther starts Reformation (1517) Venetian and Upper Renaissance (1430–1550)

The Renaissance spreads north- ward to France, the lower Countries, Poland, Germany, and England Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, Dürer, Bruegel, Bosch, Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden Council of Trent and Counter-Reformation (1545–1563); Copernicus shows the Earth involves the Sun (1543 Mannerism (1527–1580)

Art that breaks the guidelines; artifice more than nature

Tintoretto, El Greco, Pontormo, Sonaglio, Cellini

Magellan circumnavigates the globe (1520–1522)

Extraordinaire (1600–1750)

Wonders and flourish for Goodness; art like a weapon in the religious battles Reubens, Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Structure of Versailles

Thirty Years' War among Catholics and Protestants (1618–1648) Neoclassical (1750–1850)

Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur

David, Ingres, Greuze, Canova

Enlightenment (18th century); Industrial Revolution (1760–1850) Romanticism (1780–1850)

The triumph of imagination and individuality

Caspar Friedrich, Gericault, Delacroix, Turner, Benjamin Western world American Trend (1775–1783); People from france Revolution (1789–1799); Napoleon crowned emperor of France (1803) Realism (1848–1900)

Celebrating doing work class and peasants; sobre plein surroundings rustic piece of art Corot, Courbet, Daumier, Millet

European democratic...

Bibliography: " A preliminary pulling for a wallpaper pattern is more highly done than this kind of seascape. "

Louis Leroy, 1874, critique of Monet 's Impression, Sunrise

Gustave Caillebotte: Paris, a Wet Day, 1877


Henri Matisse, Symbol of Dame Matisse (The Green Stripe), 1906, Statens Museum to get Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark


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